An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department that provides intensive care medicine.
Intensive care unit cater to patients with severe or life-threatening illnesses and injuries, which require constant care, close supervision from life support equipment and medication in order to ensure normal bodily functions. It is staffed by highly trained physicians, nurses and respiratory therapists who specialize in caring for critically ill patients. ICU is also distinguished from general hospital wards by a higher staff-to-patient ratio and access to advanced medical resources and equipment that is not routinely available elsewhere.
Common conditions that are treated within ICU include acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, and other life-threatening conditions.
Patients may be referred directly from an emergency department or from a ward if they rapidly deteriorate, or immediately after surgery if the surgery is very invasive and the patient is at high risk of complications.
It contains 22 beds, all beds are connected to the medical gas network and a monitor to measure vital signs, and a dialysis device has been added to the unit.